BTN week 3 term 4 5 cent piece

The want to stop making the 5 cent piece because it cost 6 cents to make. The 5 cent coin was made in 1966, it was also the time when we introduced gold coins. Before that we used British money. Now in Australia we have 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents, 1 dollar and 2 dollars but before that e also had 1 cent and 2 cent coins. In 1992 the were stopped being made because they were also expensive to make. Now because everything is more expensive you cant really buy many things with 5 cents and aren’t as used full as they once were. Because the price for everything has gone up.

BTN week 2 term 4

A long time ago, kids around the world suffered from a disease called polio. It was really contagious and the symptoms could be really serious. In the worst cases kids suffered a lot of pain, many lost the use of their legs, and ended up with lifelong deformities.

In Australia, 40 thousand people were diagnosed with polio between the 1930′s and 1980′s, but for us, a vaccine was developed in the 1950s and polio was wiped out in Australia.

But overseas many children don’t have this vaccine, so a team of doctors go out to peoples home to vaccinate their children. Although they have found a cure some people don’t want to have their children take the drops because some think that America is trying to hurt their children, but that is not true, after all this they are still trying to get rid of polio.

BTN term 4 week 1

These Hercules planes have a big job to do. They’ve been dropping supplies to people here, in this part of Iraq. It’s going to the people and it’s saving their lives. But Australia is delivering something else to Iraq, too: weapons and ammunition.
Well it’s all got to do with this group called Islamic State, or IS. IS has taken over several of Iraq’s cities, and is also killing innocent people from other countries.
The US answered the call with airstrikes, and Australia also wants to help stop Islamic state. But how? One option would be to send in combat troops, but Prime Minister, Tony Abbott, has refused to do that, because Australia spent most of the last decade fighting a deadly war there already. That’s one of the reasons why the Australian Government agreed to deliver weapons and ammunition to those fighting IS instead. The guns, bullets and other explosives might help win battles, but importantly Australian soldiers won’t be put at risk. Think of it as a way of helping defeat an enemy without doing the fighting yourself. And it’s a fairly common thing for countries to do.
There have been plenty of times throughout history, where countries have supplied weapons to each other during war. That support can make a big difference, but it doesn’t always work out entirely as planned. And that’s what some people are worried about in Iraq.
Sometimes the weapons can end up in the wrong hands, or cause problems over time. Especially because there’s no way to control what they’re used for after they’re given away. That’s exactly what happened in the eighties. America gave weapons to the previous government of Iraq to help them fight Iran, only to fight against the same Iraqi government, and against some of those same weapons, just a few years later, and then again in 2003.
While some people are for it, and say we should help however we can, others say we shouldn’t get involved at all. But Prime Minister, Tony Abbott, says Islamic State needs to be stopped. And weapon drops might be a safer way to help make that happen.

term 4 week 1 BTN fishing

In Palau, fishing is a way of life. Just ask Oreall! He’s out here trying to catch some dinner with his dad, but that’s getting harder and harder to do!

“There used to be a lot of fish here when I was young, but now they’re running out, fast.”

Palau is here. It’s made up of 250 tiny islands and a whole lot of ocean! Around 21 thousand people live here and a lot of them earn money from tourism. People come from all over the world to see things like jellyfish, sharks and turtles.

But another thing that’s a big earner for the people of Palau is tuna. Out on the ocean, big fishing boats bring up massive hauls of tuna and bring it back to be sorted! Each fish can weigh anywhere between 25 and 70 kilos! But the people of Palau have started noticing a problem. The fishing industry has gotten so big lately that a couple of tuna species are starting to go endangered.

“Bigeye( a type of fish) is becoming threatened and so we have to start taking care of the Bigeye.”

But people have been fishing here for ages so why are the fish disappearing now? Well out in the ocean around Palau some fishing companies are now using some pretty fancy technology, like this. It’s called a fish aggregating device. It attracts schools of fish so fishing boats can bring them up and have started to catch many, many more. That’s helping some boats take more than they’re allowed to, which is illegal. So the Palau marine police patrol the waters trying to find anyone that is breaking the rules.That’s what Oreall’s dad does, when he’s not teaching Oreall to fish, and his job is very important to him.

“I grew up as a fisherman, I spent a lot of my time in the water, and to grow up and work on the Remeliik protecting our waters is everything to me.” (local)

Back on their boat, Oreall’s dad teaches Oreall the same lessons he teaches fishing boats; that sustainable fishing is important.

term 3 BTN week 10 alcohol

As we grow up, our bodies change. Some of those changes are pretty obvious, but others we can’t see. Like the changes that happen to our brains!

This is Brian, he’s a growing brain. Hi Brian! During his teenage years, Brian’s growing constantly. That makes him smarter, but it also leaves him vulnerable. So what would happen if Brian was exposed to alcohol?

Alcohol is a type of drug and if you too much it be really dangerous but in larger amounts it can even  kill you. Alcohol goes into your blood stream and then goes into your brain.

Brian’s made up of billions of tiny nerve cells, which send messages around the body, telling us how to move, what to say and what to do, and alcohol interferes with those messages.

On the outside, the effects are obvious. Alcohol hinders your ability to think, speak, and see things properly. You might not be able to walk, you might feel sick, and worst of all, you might make bad decisions, which is why people are more likely to get into fights or have accidents when they drink.

While some alcohol can be alright  for adults, it’s a different story for teens. Experts say drinking alcohol can hurt two important areas of Brian, which during his teenage years, are going through an incredibly important stage of development.

The hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Damage to the hippocampus makes it harder to store memories and learn new things, while damage to the prefrontal cortex can affect your decision-making abilities. That’s not good news for teen ages as he grows up. But there are lots of other reasons to be careful with alcohol, too.

Over a long period of time, drinking can cause liver damage, stomach problems, and heart disease, and even cause of cancer.

It’s pretty clear that alcohol is a real risk to teens, and adults need to be responsible with it. And for now at least.

BTN week 8 living on the moon

In 1969 the first person landed on the moon. People want to live on the moon but some challenges would be how to get everything there, what materials would we use and how we would build it.

Although the moon looks plain under its suffuse there are many rare materials there. If we could build on the moon it would be a lot easier for rockets to take off as there is a lot less gravity and no atmosphere, but we couldn’t just take building materials because 1kg = 25,000 dollars, so we would have to build with things on the moon things like moon dust, scientist’s found that moon dust mixed with another substance found on the moon: sulfur, can make really strong bricks. Another problem is how will we gather enough moon dust to build it all?

 

BTN week 5

 

Stray dog in the Himalayas can be aggressive and can also carry diseases. They go hunting and attack people and other dogs. 15 people come into the docters every day from dog bites, from that they can also pass on a disease called rabies they have an antibiotics to make the desease go away but they go out of stock.

Two people have come and now are preforming a huge numbers of de-sexing  700 in total. But they wont to reach 1000 before the season ends. After the dogs come they leave after 5-6 days of having the operation. Unfortunately there aren’t enough vets there to finish of the program and now they are un sure of what

BTN week 6

A long time ago, kids around the world suffered from a disease called polio. It was really contagious and the symptoms could be really serious. In the worst cases kids suffered a lot of pain, many lost the use of their legs, and ended up with lifelong deformities.

In Australia, 40 thousand people were diagnosed with polio between the 1930’s and 1980’s, but for us, a vaccine was developed in the 1950s and polio was wiped out in Australia.

But overseas many children don’t have this vaccine, so a team of doctors go out to peoples home to vaccinate their children. Although they have found a cure some people don’t want to have their children take the drops because some think that America is trying to hurt their children, but that  is not true, after all this they are still trying to get rid of polio.

BTN week 3 no more 5 cents

The want to stop making the 5 cent piece because it cost 6 cents to make. The 5 cent coin was made in 1966, it was also the time when we introduced gold coins. Before that we used British money. Now in Australia  we have 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents, 1 dollar and 2 dollars but before that e also had 1 cent and 2 cent coins. In 1992 the were stopped being made because they were also expensive to make. Now because everything is more expensive you cant really buy many things with 5 cents and aren’t as use full as they once were.

BTN week 2 dead letter

900 jobs are being cut from the post. Back in the day letters were really use full but because now we do not use the letter system the post office is not getting enough money and the internet is taking over. Now because people can use email or other websites to see their bills, the post office isn’t really required. In 2013 1 billion less letters were sent then there was in the year 2008.

They need to deliver letters to 98% of the population, keep 4000 post stores open around the country, pick up letters from at least 10,000 street letterboxes and on top of all of this, it has to charge one small amount per letter for all that effort, right now it is 70 cents.

Although the internet is to blame for the little amount of letters it is also helping it because if you buy something online it will need to be delivered to your door by the post office.